On demotic letter of Ancient Egypt


This script was taken from an earlier pictographic and hieroglyphic inscriptions, which are originated from cursive, the Northern variant of the Hieratic letter. As one of the languages engraved on the Rosetta stone, along with Greek and hieroglyphs this allowed the scientists to decipher the Royal language and discover the long history of this great civilization. In connection with the recent publication of the new dictionary in the vernacular Egyptologists rely on the progress in the translation of documents written in this language. This dictionary is an essential tool for the analysis of social, political and cultural life of Egypt during this exciting era for understanding the texts of the Egyptians themselves, not their rulers, while the country is gradually integrated into the Greek and Roman world. He also gave an understanding of how and why the ancient Egyptian language very gradually, but slowly disappeared. Traces of this ancient language can be seen in words like Adobe, which is derived from “TDR”, which is a brick in the demotic and is the term which is from the Arabic “al” has become the definite article in Moorish Spain, later integrated in French and English.

In writing this language is difficult to decipher, since these words do not have vowels but only consonants. But bypassing this feature it is interesting to note that the texts were interesting and exciting for They gave enough information specifically about the role of women in Egyptian society. Therefore, these compositions also gave a detailed report of the monetary funds deposited as the dowry of his wife, which was officially recognized by the husband. He also simultaneously accept responsibility for the supervision of the wife by providing food and clothing throughout their married years. Other documents show that women can be owners and they have the right to divorce. In addition, this writing was mainly used for draft business and legal documents and other financial reports for these people seemed to have retained their tax returns and other financial archives, which is also sometimes noted on shards of pottery. This language was written almost exclusively from right to left in horizontal lines and mainly in ink on papyrus with demotic inscriptions on wood and stone, were also popular.

This demotic language of the streets is gradually replaced by the Greek-derived Coptic in the 4th century, which was in use during the Roman Empire and survived until the 18th century, eventually to develop as a language of Liturgy.

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