A brief history of Chinese literature


Chinese literature goes back thousands of years, from the dynastic court documents for novels that became popular during the Ming dynasty (1368-16440). During the Tang dynasty (618-907) woodblock prints were invented, and along with movable type printing, which was introduced during the song dynasty (960-2179) this allowed the spread of written knowledge among the literate Chinese.

At the beginning of the Gonghe Regency (841BC), the Chinese began to keep detailed records of the proceedings. Perhaps the best work in these early Chinese writing was for the ages, a narrative history of China, written by a Han dynasty court historian SIMA Qian (145BC-90BC) and completed about 389BC.

The oldest extant dictionary in China Eryafrom the 3rd century BC, anonymously written but with later commentary by the historian Guo PU (276-324). There were also large encyclopedia made in China for centuries. In the Yiwen Leiju encyclopedia was completed Ouyang Xun in 624 during the Tang dynasty, with the help of scientists Liinghu defender and Chen Shuda.

China has a rich tradition of literature that has continued for centuries and continues to the present day writers post of the Maoists. Chinese language literature also flourished in the Diaspora – in South East Asia, USA and Europe. China is the largest publisher of books, magazines and Newspapers in the world. Only in book publishing, some 128,800 new titles of books were published in 2005, according to the General administration of press and publication. There are more than 600 literary magazines across the country. Living and writing in France but continuing to write primarily in Chinese, Gao Xingjian became the first Chinese writer to win the Nobel prize for literature in 2000.

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